About Cancer Prevention Research
Cancer prevention studies constitute one type of clinical research. These studies develop strategies for cancer prevention or cancer recurrence. NCORP-KC conducts prevention studies on colorectal, breast, head & neck, and gynecological cancers, among others.
This type of research involves studies in which people take a particular medicine or nutrient, eat a certain diet, or take other steps that preliminarily indicate they lower the risk of cancer. Study participants are closely followed to find out:
- if medicines or other steps are safe to take, and
- whether or not they prevent cancer.
Some studies test ways to slow down or stop cancer before it starts. Others help people who have had cancer to stop it from coming back. Prevention studies often last many years, because it takes time to see whether cancer develops.
Males and females of all ages, may be eligible to participate in cancer prevention studies.
- Most are healthy and have never had cancer.
- Others may be healthy, but at a higher risk (i.e., heredity) for getting a certain cancer.
- Studies that try to prevent second cancers include only people who have had cancer before.
Each study has specific eligibility requirements (i.e., age, family history, personal habits) that determine who would be a suitable study participant.
Researchers thoroughly explain the study and answer any questions the potential participant may have. The participant is given an informed consent, a document that provides all the facts about a study. If he/she agrees to take part, the informed consent must be signed before he/she is entered onto the cancer prevention study.
Each study is reviewed for safety and ethics by independent research experts and people from the community. New research findings that could affect the participant must be disclosed. The participant has the right to leave the study at any time. If it is found that taking part in a study is harmful, the participant will be taken off immediately.